How Does the Brain Create Consciousness? Or Does It? Research Revealed in a New Book Points to an Answer That is Difficult to Refute.
What scientists today call the “Hard Problem” is devising a theory to explain how the brain creates consciousness. For the past hundred years or more, ever since Scientific Materialism has dominated the field of science, scientists have been trying to determine how matter is able to create consciousness. This is because the implication of Scientific Materialism from a philosophical standpoint is “physicalism,” the metaphysical thesis that “everything is physical,” and that there is “nothing over and above” the physical. Therefore, mind or consciousness, the sense of awareness and being that each of us has, must be produced solely by the brain, which according to Materialism is comprised of unthinking matter.
In his book, Consciousness, The Hard Problem Solved, Stephen Hawley Martin offers a solution, citing the findings of research conducted at the University of Virginia, the University of California at Berkeley, the University of Munich, the University of Maryland, The University of Maryland at Baltimore County, Yale University, the University of Tasmania, Duke University, the University of Marbury in Germany, Atlantic University, and Columbia University to back his claim.
Martin says that, in spite of findings that are virtually impossible to refute, he expects pushback from some religious leaders as well as from ardent Scientific Materialists because the solution he offers challenges certain tenets held by each group. He says this is to be expected and quoted the 19th century German philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer: “All truth passes through three stages: First, it is ridiculed. Second, it is violently opposed. Third, it is accepted as self-evident.”
“I can say from experience that Christian fundamentalists and many Materialists appear to be in the ‘ridicule-to-violently-oppose’ stages concerning what seems obvious to me is the source of consciousness,” says Martin. “However, having had conversations with dozens of cutting-edge thinkers while developing my theory, I am certain it is only a matter of time before the origin I have identified is accepted as self-evident by open-minded individuals who think for themselves.” ◊